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更新时间: 2024-05-19 13:52:00
提问时间: 2024-04-10
解答时间: 2024-04-04

剧情介绍:  Future of Food In the past year, we have seen food riots on three continents, food inflation has rocketed and experts predict that by 2050, if things don't change, we will see mass starvation across the world. This film sees George Alagiah travel the world in search of solutions to the growing global food crisis. From the two women working to make their Yorkshire market town self-sufficient to the academic who claims it could be better for the environment to ship in lamb from New Zealand, George Alagiah meets the people who believe they know how we should feed the world as demand doubles by the middle of the century.  【India】  George joins a Masai chief among the skeletons of hundreds of cattle he has lost to climate change and the English farmer who tells him why food production in the UK is also hit. He spends a day eating with a family in Cuba to find out how a future oil shock could lead to dramatic adjustments to diets. He visits the breadbasket of India to meet the farmer who now struggles to irrigate his land as water tables drop, and finds out why obesity is spiralling out of control in Mexico.  Back in Britain, George investigates what is wrong with people's diets, and discovers that the UK imports an average of 3000 litres of water per capita every day. He talks to top nutritionist Susan Jebb, DEFRA minister Hilary Benn and Nobel laureate Rajendra Pachauri to uncover what the future holds for our food.  【Senegal】  George heads out to India to discover how a changing diet in the developing world is putting pressure on the world's limited food resources. He finds out how using crops to produce fuel is impacting on food supplies across the continents. George then meets a farmer in Kent, who is struggling to sell his fruit at a profit, and a British farmer in Kenya who is shipping out tonnes of vegetables for our supermarket shelves. He also examines why so many people are still dying of hunger after decades of food aid.  Back in the UK, George challenges the decision-makers with the facts he has uncovered - from Oxfam head of research Duncan Green to Sainsbury's boss Justin King. He finds out why British beef may offer a model for future meat production and how our appetite for fish is stripping the world's seas bare.  【Cuba】  In the final episode George Alagiah heads out to Havana to find out how they are growing half of their fruit and vegetables right in the heart of the city, investigates the 'land-grabs' trend - where rich countries lease or buy up the land used by poor farmers in Africa - and meets the Indian agriculturalists who have almost trebled their yields over the course of a decade.  George finds out how we in this country are using cutting-edge science to extend the seasons recycle our food waste and even grow lettuce in fish tanks to guarantee the food on our plates.  He hears the arguments about genetically modified food and examines even more futuristic schemes to get the food on to our plates.
提问时间: 2024-03-04
解答时间: 2024-05-17

剧情介绍:  十九歲的艾妲答應前往熟識男性的家裡晚餐。事情發生得很快,她並沒有抵抗。她的身軀已死去,靈魂早已分崩離析。      艾妲的故事結合了其他人的故事,縱使不太一樣卻又非常類似,從不同的角度觀看,一樣是骯髒不堪的故事,令人不可置信卻又是日常上演的故事。      「就如同我們為了要警告城邦暴雨將至,但卻講另一種語言。我們介紹自己,卻告訴他人我們做了那些不善之事。」    貝托爾特·布萊希特 (Bertolt Brecht),詩集1913-1958,第8卷        ══導演的話══      2013年,在我的第一部電影結束放映後,有一位與我同齡的女性到我面前,說有個故事要告訴我,事情是在九年前發生的,但她不知道該怎麼做。之後我們再次見面,她向我傾訴她在十九歲的時候,被一個她認識的男人,在同一個星期內性侵了三次。我對於她感到十分同情,卻也非常驚訝,在講述的經過,我才發現所有的一切都與我的想像差距很大,我以為性侵都發生在晚上,在無人的街道上,施暴者是一個心理變態的陌生人,粗暴地又或者持有武器而施予加害者。    我將這個故事告知我周遭的人,許多我親近的朋友告訴我她們有過相同的經驗,人數多到讓我腦子一片混亂,而且她們並沒有告訴我這些經歷。我明白我從來都沒有重視這件事情的核心問題,我想要了解別人究竟對我們做了多麼惡意的事情,而且某種程度上我們「放任」他去做。    我沒有被性侵的經驗,但如同大部分女孩一樣,成長的經驗都伴隨著如此的威脅,而且多次保持堅決態度,拒絕跨越那道線。當我十九歲時,我對於愛情的想像仍是非常天真,我的防線並不是這麼清楚,若是我像艾妲遇到一樣的遭遇,遇到不對的人,我無法確定我是否能像她一樣處理的這麼好。    我拍攝這部片的其中一個理由,就是確信艾妲的故事並非僅是個人的悲慘遭遇,而是程度大到成為一種社會現象。當我在拍攝此紀錄片時,好萊塢製片哈維·溫斯坦事件還沒發生,我認為要讓大眾聽到像艾妲這樣被認為不夠符合被害條件,而能夠感同身受的故事是有難度的。拍攝艾妲這樣的故事有時候會有太大迴響,而且我知道紀錄片必須要成功傳遞訊息,而又不能隱藏其中的暴力,也不能扭曲她所經歷過的現實。    要如何將這樣本質上毀滅性卻又屬於私密的經驗傳遞出去,受到的影響將會是如此巨大,卻又是無法公開的秘密?因為我希望不要將真實經過拍攝出來,而流於軼事或說教,因此決定採用另一種劇情虛構的方式,就是要求不同人站在艾妲的角度,寫出那個人所詮釋的內容。故事的結構安排希望讓觀眾能夠循著艾妲的敘事,無法在一開始就判斷出來她遭遇到何事,而事件本身也令人看不透,甚至「強暴」一詞到電影後半才出現,因為越晚陳述清楚她的經驗,這個詞彙越被隱藏在描繪的現實裡。    我選擇讓艾妲僅僅是陳述故事,希望讓觀眾能夠自己去拼湊這個女子的影像,可以全是艾妲的樣貌,又或者不是她,我希望這個女子的臉是虛構的、普世大眾的,讓觀眾從頭到尾去想像她的臉孔。通常我們的同理心的產生會與此人的性格有關,而較不是他究竟經歷過或說了什麼,甚至有幾段我嘗試了不同詮釋方法。因此,我希望觀眾也能審視這套自我投射的機制。